Fort Mose Historic State Park

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Fort Mose Historic State Park

Map

Address:

15 Fort Mose Trail , East of US1
St. Augustine, FL 32084

Region:

Northeast

Phone:

904.823.2232

Website:

View Website

In 1693 King Charles II of Spain decreed runaway slaves were to be given sanctuary in his colonies. Black fugitives from the British Colonies made their way south and fought against a British attack on St. Augustine. In 1728 the territorial governor abolished the slave market and freed any remaining soldiers who were slaves. Ten years later Governor Manuel de Montiano established Fort Mose as the first free black settlement in North America and the northernmost outpost protecting the capital of Spanish Florida, St. Augustine. Spain encouraged enslaved Africans to flee English settlements in the Carolinas. Fort Mose, which included a village, was a diverse community made up of people from widely varied backgrounds: Nandingos, Mandingos, Congos, Carabalis, Minas, Gambas, Lecumis, Sambas, Gangas, Araras, and Guineans.